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POLARIS OFF-ROAD VEHICLES

HELP CENTER

6/5/2020
Storing Your RANGER

Prepping your Polaris RANGER for storage starts with making any necessary repairs and washing the exterior of the vehicle. Keeping your RANGER clean not only will improve its appearance, but it also can extend the life of various components.

Note that high water pressure may damage components. Polaris recommends washing the vehicle by hand or with a garden hose, using a pail of mild soap and water. Certain products, including insect repellents and chemicals, will damage plastic surfaces. Do not allow these types of products to contact the vehicle.

  • Use a professional-type washing cloth, cleaning the upper body first and the lower parts last.
  • Rinse with clean water frequently.
  • Dry surfaces with a chamois to prevent water spots.

Other washing tips:

  • Avoid the use of harsh cleaners, which can scratch the finish.
  • Do not use a power washer to clean the vehicle.
  • Do not use medium to heavy duty compounds on the finish.
  • Always use clean cloths and pads for cleaning and polishing. Old or reused cloths and pads may contain dirt particles that will scratch the finish.
  • Grease all zerk fittings immediately after washing. Allow the engine to run for a while to evaporate any water that may have entered the engine or exhaust system.

High pressure water systems are not recommended for cleaning. If one is used, exercise extreme caution. The water may damage components and could remove paint and labels. Avoid directing the water stream at the following items:

  • Wheel bearings
  • Radiator
  • Transmission seals
  • Brakes
  • Cab and body panels
  • Labels and decals
  • Electrical components and wiring
  • Air intake components

If an informational or graphic label becomes illegible or comes off, contact your Polaris Dealer to obtain a replacement. Replacement safety labels are provided by Polaris at no charge.

When polishing your RANGER, Polaris recommends the use of common household aerosol furniture polish for use on the finish. Follow the instructions on the container. Avoid the use of automotive products, some of which can scratch the finish of your vehicle. Always use clean cloths and pads for cleaning and polishing. Old or reused cloths and pads may contain dirt particles that will scratch the finish.

If your RANGER is equipped with chrome wheels, proper maintenance will protect them from corrosion, preserve their life and ensure a "like new" appearance for many years. Chrome wheels exposed to road salt (or salt in the air in coastal areas) are more susceptible to corrosion if not properly cleaned. Clean chrome wheels more often if they're exposed to salt or other corrosive elements.

  • Wash chrome wheels frequently. Use a mild detergent. Never use abrasive cleaners on plated or painted surfaces.
  • Rinse well with clear water. Soap, detergents, salt, dirt, mud and other elements can cause corrosion.
  • Polish the clean chrome wheels periodically. Use an automotive grade chrome polish.
  • Routinely and liberally apply a weather resistant wax to each polished chrome wheel. Choose a product suitable for chrome finishes. Read and follow the product labels and instructions.

If light rust is found on the chrome finish, use steel wool (#0000-OTT grade) to remove it. Gently rub the affected areas with the steel wool until the corrosion has been removed. Clean and polish the wheel as outlined above.

Stabilize the Fuel

  • Fill the fuel tank.
  • Add Polaris Carbon Clean Fuel Treatment or Polaris Fuel Stabilizer or equivalent fuel treatments or stabilizers. Follow the instructions on the container for the recommended fuel amount. Carbon Clean removes water from fuel systems, stabilizes fuel and removes carbon deposits from pistons, rings, valves and exhaust systems.
  • Allow the engine to run for 15 to 20 minutes to allow the stabilizer to disperse through the entire fuel delivery system.

(This step does not apply to RANGER EV models)

Oil and Filter
Change the oil and filter (1). The engine drain plug (2) is located on the bottom of the crankcase. On RANGER XP 1000 models, access the drain plug through the skid plate access hole located directly under the crankcase. To access the oil dipstick and oil fill cap on an XP 1000, tilt the rear cargo box.

Oil Filter and Drain Plug

For 500, 570 and 900 models:

1. Position the vehicle on a level surface. Place the transmission in PARK. Apply the brakes.

2. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for 2 to 3 minutes. Stop the engine.

3. Clean the area around the drain plug. The sealing surfaces on a drain plug and crankcase should be clean and free of burrs, nicks or scratches. Use caution when performing this procedure. Do not allow hot engine oil to come into contact with skin, as serious burns may result.

4. Place a drain pan beneath the engine crankcase and remove the drain plug using a 6mm Allen socket.

5. Allow the oil to drain completely.

6. Reinstall the sealing washer on the drain plug.

7. Reinstall the drain plug. Torque to 12 ft-lbs (16 Nm).

8. Using a 2.5-inch (64mm) cap-style oil filter wrench, turn the filter counter-clockwise to remove it.

9. Using a clean dry cloth, clean the filter sealing surface on the crankcase. Make sure the old filter O-ring is completely removed.

10. Lubricate the O-ring on the new filter with a film of fresh engine oil. Check to make sure the O-ring is in good condition.

11. Install the new filter and rotate it clockwise by hand until the filter gasket contacts the sealing surface and then turn it an additional 3/4 of a turn.

12. Always clean away all dirt and debris from the dipstick area before removing the dipstick. Remove the dipstick (or the oil fill cap on the top of the engine) and fill the sump with 2 quarts (1.9 l) of recommended oil.

13. Reinstall and tighten the dipstick (and the oil fill cap, if applicable).

14. Make sure the transmission is in PARK. Apply the brakes.

15. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for 1 to 2 minutes.

16. Stop the engine. Inspect for leaks.

17. Re-check the oil level on the dipstick and add oil as necessary to bring the level to the upper mark on the dipstick.

18. Dispose of used filter and oil properly.

For 1000 and XP 1000 models:

1. Position the vehicle on a level surface and place the transmission in PARK.

2. Stop the engine and allow it to cool down.

3. Clean the area around the crankcase drain plug. Use caution when performing this procedure. Do not allow hot engine oil to come into contact with skin, as serious burns may result.

4. Place a drain pan under the engine crankcase and remove the drain plug using a 6mm Allen socket. Allow the oil to drain completely.

5. Remove all cargo from the cargo box. Always remove all cargo from the cargo box before lifting the box to access the engine.

6. Pull up on the cargo box release lever to tilt the box.

7. Using a 2.5-inch (64mm) oil filter wrench, turn the oil filter counter-clockwise to remove it.

8. Using a clean dry cloth, clean the filter sealing surface on the engine crankcase.

9. Lubricate the O-ring on the new oil filter with a film of fresh engine oil. Check to make sure the O-ring is in good condition.

10. Install the new filter. Turn it by hand until the filter O-ring contacts the sealing surface and then turn it an additional 3/4 of a turn.

11. Replace the sealing washer on the drain plug. The sealing surface on the drain plug should be clean and free of burrs, nicks or scratches.

12. Reinstall the engine crankcase drain plug. Torque the drain plug to 12 ft-lbs (16 Nm).

13. Remove the oil fill cap. Fill the engine with the recommended engine oil.

14. Verify the transmission is still in PARK.

15. Start the engine and allow it to idle for 30 seconds.

16. Stop the engine and inspect for oil leaks. Wait at least 15 seconds before removing the dipstick.

17. Unlock the dipstick lever. Remove the dipstick and wipe it dry with a clean cloth.

18. Reinstall the dipstick and push it into place. Do not lock the dipstick. make certain the dipstick is inserted all the way into the dipstick tube to keep the depth of the dipstick consistent.

19. Remove the dipstick and check the oil level.

20. Add the recommended oil as necessary to bring the oil level within the SAFE range on the dipstick. Do not overfill.

21. When finished, reinstall the oil fill cap, oil dipstick and lock the lever.

22. Dispose of used oil and filter properly.

(This step does not apply to RANGER EV models)

Air Filter and Airbox
Replace the air filter and clean the airbox.

For 500, 570 and 900 models:

1. Lift the cargo box.

2. Clean all dirt and debris from the airbox area.

3. Unlatch the two cover clips and carefully remove the airbox cover. Inspect the seal between the cover and airbox to ensure the seal is not torn and has been maintaining a proper seal.

4. Inspect the air filter and airbox for dirt, debris, oil or water. Remove the worm gear clamp from the filter neck with a flat-blade screwdriver or 6 mm socket. Slide the filter rearward to remove it from the boot and then lift it straight upward and out of the box.

5. With the filter removed, clean the intake boot and airbox thoroughly and wipe well with a clean dry cloth. Dirt or debris in the intake boot could result in severe engine damage. Always clean all dirt and debris from the intake boot before installing the filter.

6. Install a new filter. Do not attempt to clean an old filter. Use of a non-Polaris-approved air filter may cause engine damage. Always use a Polaris-approved replacement filter.

7. Make sure the filter is fully seated on the intake boot and that there is no gap between the filter and boot after installation. Tighten the worm gear clamp to 24 in-lbs (2.7 Nm).

8. Reinstall the airbox cover. Make sure both hinges are fully inserted. Secure the cover clips.

For 1000 and XP 1000 models:

1. Tilt the rear cargo box to access the airbox.

2. Release the two (1000) or three (XP 1000) airbox cover latches and lift the cover up and out to access the air filter element.
Air filter

3. Remove the air filter element (1).
Air filter

4. Inspect the airbox for oil or water deposits. Wipe away any deposits with a clean shop towel. Do not attempt to clean an air filter.

5. Place the new air filter into the airbox. Reposition the lower airbox cover and install the three retaining latches. Make sure the hinges are properly seated when reassembling the airbox. 

(This step does not apply to RANGER EV models)

Fluid Levels
Inspect the fluid levels. Add or change fluids as recommended in the Periodic Maintenance Chart found in your Owner's Manual. Check the following:

  • Demand drive fluid (front gearcase)
  • Rear gearcase fluid (if equipped)
  • Transmission fluid
  • Brake fluid (change every two years and anytime the fluid looks dark or contaminated)
  • Coolant (test strength/fill)

Inspect and Lubricate
Inspect all cables and lubricate all areas of the vehicle as recommended in the Periodic Maintenance Chart found in your Owner's Manual.

Fog the Engine

  • Treat the fuel system with Polaris Carbon Clean or other equivalent fuel treatment. Follow the instructions on the container. Start the engine. Allow it to idle for several minutes so the Carbon Cleaner reaches the injectors. Stop the engine.
  • Remove the spark plugs and add 2 to 3 tablespoons of engine oil. To access the plug holes, use a section of clear 1/4-inch hose and a small plastic squeeze bottle filled with the pre-measured amount of oil. Do this carefully. If you miss the plug holes, oil will drain from the spark plug cavities into the hole at the front of the cylinder head and appear to be an oil leak.
  • Reinstall the spark plugs. Torque to specification.
  • Apply dielectric grease to the inside of each spark plug cap. Do not reinstall the cap onto the plug at this step.
  • Turn the engine over several times. Oil will be forced in and around the piston rings and ring lands, coating the cylinder with a protective film of fresh oil.
  • Reinstall the spark plug caps.
  • If POLARIS fuel system additive is not used, fuel tank, fuel lines and injectors should be completely drained of gasoline.

(This step does not apply to RANGER EV models)

Battery Maintenance
Whenever your RANGER is not used for three months or more, remove the battery from the vehicle. Ensure that it’s fully charged and store it out of the sun in a cool, dry place. Check the battery’s voltage each month during storage and recharge it as needed to maintain a full charge.

Make sure to follow the instructions found in your Owner’s Manual for removing the battery.

A battery’s charge can be maintained by using a Polaris Battery Tender charger or by charging monthly to make up for normal self-discharge. The Battery Tender can be left connected during the storage period. It automatically will charge the battery if the voltage drops below a pre-determined point.

Improperly connecting or disconnecting battery cables can result in an explosion and cause serious injury or death. When removing the battery, always disconnect the negative (black) cable first. When reinstalling the battery, always connect the negative (black) cable last. Consult your Owner’s Manual for full details on battery removal, reinstallation and charging.

NOTE: This does not apply to the RANGER EV.

Storage Area and Covers
Be sure the storage area is well-ventilated. Cover the vehicle with a genuine Polaris cover. Do not use plastic or coated materials. They do not allow enough ventilation to prevent condensation and may promote corrosion and oxidation. View the full selection of Polaris covers to learn more.

Additional RANGER EV Storage Tips
Any time your RANGER EV will be parked for more than a few hours, follow these recommended procedures:

  • Make any necessary repairs and clean the vehicle.
  • Clean the batteries.
  • Store the vehicle out of the sun in a cool, dry place.
  • Be sure the storage area is well-ventilated.
  • Turn the key off.
  • DO NOT set the park brake.
  • Verify that tire pressure is at specification.
  • Block the wheels to prevent rolling.
  • Fully charge the batteries. Leave the charger connected to maintain a full charge during the storage period, or check battery voltage each month during storage and recharge as needed to maintain a full charge. If the charger remains connected, check it monthly to verify proper operation.
  • Do not cover the vehicle while the charger is connected. Dangerous levels of hydrogen gas could accumulate. Do not use plastic or coated materials. They do not allow enough ventilation to prevent condensation and may promote corrosion and oxidation.

Removal From Storage
For RANGER 500, 570, 900, 1000 and XP 1000 models:

  • Check the battery electrolyte level and charge the battery if necessary. Install it in the vehicle. Make sure the battery vent hose is routed properly and that it is not pinched or restricted in any way.
  • Make sure that spark plugs are tight.
  • Fill the fuel tank with fuel.
  • Check all the points listed in the Daily Pre-Ride Inspection detailed in your Owner's Manual. Tightness of the bolts, nuts and other fasteners should be checked by an authorized Polaris Dealer.
  • Lubricate at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart found in your Owner's Manual.

Engine exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide and can cause loss of consciousness or death. Never run an engine in an enclosed area.

For RANGER EV models:

  • Inspect all battery connections.
  • Verify that batteries are fully charged.
  • Verify that tire pressure is at specification.
  • Perform the Daily Pre-Ride inspection as detailed in your Owner's Manual.
  • Inspect and verify the tightness of the bolts, nuts and other fasteners.
  • Lubricate at the intervals outlined in the Periodic Maintenance Chart found in your Owner's Manual.

For more information, see your authorized Polaris Dealer. Find a dealer near you with the Dealer Locator.
Maintenance tips, procedures and specifications can be found in your Owner's Manual.
To find diagrams and replacement part numbers, use the online parts catalog.

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